化学与英语

both的使用方法

本文翻译自日文版,译者七姑娘

当作为形容词或是代名词的时候(也有作为连词的情况),“both”常在科学论文写作中被误用。

最常见的情况是:将“both”错误的用来表示两者间的“关联”(可以想见这是由人们把“两”等同于“both”这个通常想法所引起的)。

事实上,“both”虽然也可用来指二者的综合,但并不具有“表示二者间的关联”这一作用。下面就将列举该词语的一些典型误用和正确用法。

 

[误] Both experiments yielded consistent results.
[正] These (two) experiments yielded consistent results.
[正] The results of these (two) experiments are consistent.

 

[误] There is a difference between the responses for both treatments.
[正] There is a difference between the responses of the two treatments.
[正] The responses of these (two) treatments differ.

 

[误] Both functions have the same asymptotic form.
[正] These (two) functions have the same asymptotic form.
[正] The asymptotic forms of the (two) functions are identical.

 

上述例句中,作者意图使用“both”来叙述两者间(已明确)的关联,这里的“both”仅仅只是把作者想要叙述的(experiments、treatments、functions)简单综合在一起做一个说明,实际上表现出来的却和作者意图叙述的无关,而是“已明确”的两者同“还未明确”的其他事物之间的关联。

比如第一个例句中,“both experiments”并非表示所指的两项实验的结果相互一致,而是这两项实验同其他(还未明确)实验的结果或理论相一致的情况。

 

化学论文中的「Both」的使用实例

He also showed that phosphines can both coordinate and decompose catBCl. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b02914

Electronic modulation of the aryl ring was found to have a negligible effect on stereoselectivity for both the ethyl and methyl derivatives. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07136

Both 13 and 15 were crystallized, and their structures were determined by X-ray crystal structure analysis. DOI: 10.1038/NCHEM.2174

This sequence was recently employed in the synthesis of bothenantiomers of the natural product artelu- dovicinolide A. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201309886

本文出自 Enago学术英语academy(日文版)

本文版权属于 Chem-Station化学空间, 欢迎点击按钮分享,未经许可,谢绝转载!

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