化学与英语

「cooperate」&「collaborate」到底用哪个?

本文投稿作者 七姑娘

“cooperate”和”collaborate”的意思比较接近,两者都能翻译成共同、协同、合作。然而两者也有意义上的重要区别,使用中不能将其随意置换

“collabrate”的意思中包含了”cooperate”的意思,而”cooperate”只能代表”collabrate”的一部分意义

与“cooperate”单纯表示“合力”相对的,”collaborate”更着眼于这一合力的目标,表示“通过合作来催生某个结果”。

下面将列举动词”cooperate”和”collaborate”及相关名词”cooperation”和”collaboration”的使用范例:

(1) Thomas and Yamada have collaborated on several research projects.
(2) We are presently collaborating on three papers.
(3) Their collaboration produced important results.
(4) The patient did not cooperate with her physical therapist.
(5) Your cooperation in dealing with this problem is requested.
(6) The referee did not cooperate with the editor.

*名词”cooperation”和”collaboration”的区别与上文中所述动词的区别一致。

化学论文中”cooperate”和”collaborate”的使用例

cooperate

  1. Moreover, LSD1 is part of the coREST complex and it cooperates with HDACs and chromatin readers within the complex to participate in a multistep process allowing the transi- tion from an active to a repressed state. DOI: 10.1038/nrd4154
  2. According to the definition by P erez-Temprano, Caseras and Espinet the term bimetallic catalysis describes a situation in which two transition metals cooperate in a synthetic process and their actions are connected by a transmetallation step. DOI: 10.1039/c2sc20312j
  3. The product has a Fe3N2 core, implying that three iron atoms cooperateto break the N-N triple bond through a six-electron reduction. DOI: 10.1126/science.1211906

collaborate

  1. Global epigenetic alterations, including changes in histone acetylation and methylation, can lead to the silencing of key tumor suppressor genes andcollaborate with genetic muta- tions to promote tumorigenesis DOI: 10.1021/bi700664y
  2. Currently, we – in collaboration with surface physicists – test these monomers in on-surface polymerization reactions to identify suitable conditions (temperature, type of surface, coverage, etc.). DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1317959
  3. Furthermore, this reaction produced large quantities of 121 (performance is maintained on gram-scale), which allowed the examination of the biosynthesis of the cyclomarazine natural products (e.g. 122) in collaboration with the Moore group. DOI: 10.1039/c0cs00182a
  4. Ultimately, a collaboration was established with Astex Therapeutics who had successfully crystallized apo-BACE-1 in a crystal form that allowed for fragment soaking. DOI: 10.1021/jm070829p

本文出自 Enago学术英语academy(日文版)

 

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土生土长西安人,本+硕在陕师大,博士在日本冈山大学取得,博后在名古屋大学ITbM研究所伊丹研究室,有机化学研究生涯3+3+3,现职于西安交通大学理学院。擅长金属催化的偶联反应,博后期间开始合成糖化学,还有碳氢键活化研究。喜欢语言,旅游,网络,音乐,当然最最喜欢的还是化学。现为化学空间员工代表,小编兼美术。 自我描述:师范大学子弟,从小就在家门口上学,也没吃过什么苦,没想到学有机化学的这些年,高强度的实验把我锻炼成了不折不挠的女汉子。硕士毕业留学日本一待就快六年,坚持下来很佩服自己,而且也越来越喜欢有机化学了。 身为化学空间的员工代表,想把化学空间做成“化学人儿”的平台,也希望更多学化学,爱化学的人加入我们,用我们的力量让更多人能感受到化学的魅力。

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